The History of French Furniture

Middle Ages 900 – 1500

Furniture of the midlives was developed to be useful. It was typically large, basic and heavy.

This early furniture followed the lines of architecture. Few furniture pieces from this period were sculpted, simply those crafted to flaunt wealth.

Renaissance 1500-1610

Throughout the renaissance period, French artisans began to develop furniture with deeply sculpted and elaborate styles. Lots of Buffets and cabinets were made to appear like little structures with impact from Roman or Greek architecture.

Louise XIII 1610-1640

French furniture throughout the Louise XIII period was greatly affected by Italian style. The typical style was huge and strong with geometric carvings.

In this period furniture was anticipated to be both lovely and comfy. Repaired upholstery turned into one of the age's excellent creations with furniture ending up being padded.

Louis XIV 1640-1715

Throughout this age, there was an increasing fascination with the Far East and all things Asian. French artisans copied the design and included their own "French" impact.

The most popular furniture of this period was extravagant and incredibly comprehensive drawers.

Regence 1715-1730

Regence design furniture was affected by a designer and cabinetmaker worked with by the acting regent to Louis XIV who embellished his home.

Regence was the period that apartment or condos entered being. The smaller sized scale of these houses presented lighter, more elegant furniture. Unbalanced curved lines changed balanced straight lines and basic wood veneer instead of lavish wood inlay.

Louis XV 1730-1770
Louis XV reigned over the "Golden era" of French ornamental design. Louis French design furniture was affected by the increasing impact by females of the court, presenting splendid furniture with elegant, womanly lines.

Primary functions in this age of furniture consisted of squared corners on tables and cabinets instead of rounded, legs were straight and seat frames with ribbon twist moldings were presents.

Directoire 1790-1805

This design of French furniture represented a break away from luxurious royal designs of the past. Styles were more suppressed and styles of antiquity and nature included less.

The furniture of this age moved far from geometric patterns and started to integrate Grecian urns and shaped female figures. Noteworthy attributes of the age were the Etruscan concepts such as animals and stylized palm leaves. Other intentions were affected by the Reign of terror and consisted of wreaths, torches and other military symbols.

Empire 1805-1815

Empire furniture is normally big and embellished with brass and gold coloredalloys such as copper, zinc, and tin. Napoleon's Egyptian project saw the intro of furniture being embellished with Egyptian intentions such as sphinxes.

The furniture of this period included strong balanced styles changing elaborate carvings and rounded romantic shapes. Empire artists were likewise influenced by the ancient Greco-Roman duration with ornamental components consisting of wreaths, swan’sgriffins, and urns. Themes were cast in bronze and applied to balanced shapes.

The Repair 1815-1830

The remediation accompanied the commercial transformation where the procedure in furniture making changed. At the same time, themiddle class was on the increase, increasing the need for furniture.

The styling of the empire furniture stayed nevertheless, the stiff shapes ended up being softer and a spirited touch was included. Typical themes of the period consisted of musical instruments, rosettes, swans, and cornucopia. The remediation age likewise saw the return of wood inlay being used to embellish the furniture.

Louise Philippe 1830-1850

Previously furniture had been offered apiece by piece. The commercial transformation brought brand-new production procedures, artisans started to make furniture sets for the bedroom and dining-room.

Furniture of this age kept the basic, rounded lines of the remediation period, but with less decoration. A specifying quality of the Louis Philippe design was the soft curve at the top of buffets, chests, and closets.

Napoleon III 1850-1880

The napoleon III design was referred to as broad, varied and extravagant. Furniture from this period took impact from the past 500 years of French design. It was not unusual to see many furniture designs blended into a single furniture piece.

Furniture of this period saw the intro of coffee tables, ottomans, and comfy chaise chairs. Furniture integrated whimsical shapes, mom of pearl and frequently consisted of cast iron, papierMache or ivory inlay.

Art Nouveau 1880-1920

This design of furniture came from the arts and craft motion in England, which restored handmade furniture and craft.

Furniture of this period continued using streaming curved lines and re-introduced unbalanced shapes like the Louise XV duration. Significant functions of the period consisted of, components of dream and concepts drawn from Japanese prints, Gothic architecture and symbolic paintings of English impact.

Art Deco 1920-1940

The Art Deco design was affected by the Empire and Louise XVI durations. Furniture was typically embellished with geometric shapes and Egyptian inspired themes.

Furniture of this period was characterized by its vibrant geometric styles. Designers likewise explore unique woods, brand-new lacquers, and French polish. Furniture was embellished with metals, mom of pearl, ivory, wrought iron and wood veneers.